FREVUE’s deliverable 3.2 ‘Economics of EVs for City Logistics’ aims at answering the question: what are the conditions to get a feasible and successful business case for electric freight vehicles (EFVs) in city logistics.
This deliverable shows what logistics operators operationally and financially can expect when implementing EFVs and show authorities the existing barriers and opportunities for electrifying city logistics, by presenting:
- the operational experiences and lessons from using EFVs in real-life city logistics demonstrations;
- the total cost of ownership comparisons between conventional and electric freight vehicles, as well as the barriers to switch from the CFV to the EFV based on the logistics operators value network;
- the required changes in the logistics concepts to make EFVs fit city logistics better and the experiences with making these changes;
- the technical and economic possibilities for scaling-up (a few of) the electric city logistics operations as well as the exploration of the technical and economic possibilities for scaling- up the considered vehicle (weight) classes in a more generic context
Overall, the Frevue report shows that city logistics operations can be performed by electric freight vehicles, but that at the time of writing the high vehicle purchasing costs are still a barrier for large scale utilisation of (especially large) EFVs for logistics operations.